The historian's swan song, the rhythmless li Sao, why is the tomb of Sima Qian in the Western Han Dynasty a yurt?

time:2022-12-09 23:37:05 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Riding
The historian's swan song, the rhythmless li Sao, why is the tomb of Sima Qian in the Western Han Dynasty a yurt?

Speaking of Sima Qian, anyone who has studied history knows a little, "Records of the Grand Historian", Taishi Gong, Gong Xing... Sima Qian was born in Longmen (called Xiayang in the Western Han Dynasty). It is certain that he was born on the banks of the Yellow River. Sima Qian is also a second-generation official. His father, Sima Tan, reached the imperial court. So Sima Qian could read and write since he was a child. Shen Yuan paid his respects, traveled east to see the palace of Chunshen Jun, and went north to visit the hometown of Confucius. After playing for a long time, he returned to Chang'an. Originally, he spent his whole life in such a smooth and stable way. Who knew that he was later punished by the palace for defending Li Ling's defeat. Taishi Ling refused to let him do it and was transferred to Zhongshu Ling, but he remembered that his father asked him to complete it. In writing Shi's will, with a bit of perseverance, he finally completed the "historical masterpiece, the rhythm of the rhythm" - "Historical Records". When you come to Hancheng, Shaanxi by the Yellow River, there is one scenic spot that cannot be missed, that is, the tomb and shrine of Sima Qian located in Zhichuan Town, Hancheng City. , has a history of more than 1700 years. Sima Qian Scenic Spot in Hancheng is a 4A-level tourist scenic spot. The main part is Sima Qian's tomb and shrine. In addition, there is a new large square with various sculptures. There is also a memorial site for the protection of Shaanxi Province and the departure of the Eighth Route Army to the Yellow River to fight against Japan. Sima Qian Scenic Spot is a typical Chinese-style scenic spot. To expand the scenic spot by N times, to reach the real scenic spot, it takes a long and unjust road. As can be seen from the picture, at the end of the long square is the Sima Qian sculpture, and the building in the upper right corner is the Sima Qian Temple. After walking hundreds of meters in the sun, I saw the archway of this "sanctuary of literature and history". From here, I started to set foot on the ancient road, and it can be said that I really entered the Sima Qian scenic spot that has lasted for thousands of years. The uneven ancient road at the foot is actually one of the most worth-seeing monuments in the Simaqian scenic spot. This ancient road is called "Han Yipo" because it is located on the slope connecting Zhichuan River Valley and Hanyuan. During the Western Jin Dynasty, due to the construction of Sima Qian Temple, later also known as Sima Ancient Road. It is said that the ancient road was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, and was the main road in the Hexi of the Jin (Wei) state. Sima Ancient Road was once part of the most important, longest and widest official post road in Hancheng. It crosses Simapo and can be connected with Hanyuan Ancient Road. Must go through the road. Going up the ancient road, you can reach Sima Qian's tomb and shrine on Gaogang. Passing through the gate of "Sima Qian's Tomb Temple" inscribed by Mr. Qigong, you will enter the climbing stage. The uphill section of the ancient road can be called the essence of the Sima Ancient Road. It is said to have been laid in the Northern Song Dynasty. The boulders on which the pavement was laid were originally square and upright, with the same width, about 30 centimeters, and different lengths, up to one meter in length. On the left and right, the short ones are also about thirty centimeters long. The large and small boulders are closely spliced ​​together, extending forward row by row, forming this rough and sturdy ancient road. This ancient road was originally 1,500 meters long, but now there are only more than 300 meters left. After more than 800 years of wind and rain and people walking and cars, the uneven road is the best historical witness, and it seems to show the life of Taishigong. The ups and downs and the tragic and solemn... The Earth Temple under the shadow of the ancient trees by the ancient road also has a unique flavor. For hundreds of years, it has also been a place for spiritual comfort and rest for pedestrians. A few steps forward, the fork of the ancient road, if you continue to move forward along the road, you can connect with the old National Road 108, and on the right hand side stands a wooden archway with a "high mountain". It is the tomb of Sima Qian. This wooden archway was built in the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty. The forehead system was inscribed by the Hancheng calligrapher Qiang Hanshan in 1944. At this time, the ancient road paved with boulders became paved with blue bricks, and the two sides were high in the middle and low in the middle. , designed like this, is it for running water or for walking on mules and horses? The building of Sima Qian Temple starts from the archway of "High Mountain Yangzhi" to the top. It is on the cliff and goes up layer by layer. It is divided into four high platforms. Each platform is connected by stone steps, rising layer by layer, with a total of ninety-nine levels. "Shi Bi Zhao Shi" is the second step. The third step is "the sun of the rivers and mountains". Sima Qian said in the description of his life experience in the "Self-preface of Taishigong": "Moving to Longmen, farming and grazing the sun of rivers and mountains", it is also this sentence, Sima Qian's hometown There is a dispute between Shaanxi Hancheng and Shanxi Hejin, but at present, Shaanxi Hancheng has the upper hand. Located at the "Sun of Rivers and Mountains", you can look at the surging Yellow River in the east, the majestic Liangshan Mountain in the west, the Great Wall of the ancient Wei Dynasty in the south, and the Zhishui River in the north. The bridge is flying, the moat becomes a thoroughfare. After walking through the ninety-nine steps and three arches, we came to the Taishi Temple located on the top of the high hill. inscription. Under the shadow of ancient trees, is the Taishi Temple, which was built in the third year of Yongjia (310) in the Western Jin Dynasty. There are more than 100 ancient and modern steles in the temple, covering the character and personality of Sima Qian, the historical changes of Sima Qian's tomb, the repairing and sacrificial activities, the evaluation of poems by literati and writers of the past dynasties, and the famous sayings and aphorisms in the relevant chapters of "Historical Records". The carvings on the wooden doors of the ancestral hall are very exquisite, layer upon layer and interlocking, showing superb carving craftsmanship. On the brick niche of the Hall of Dedication, the clay statue of Sima Qian, who began in the seventh year of Xuanhe in the Northern Song Dynasty, wears a red robe and holds a jade belt. The scale of Taishi Temple is not large, but the style and style are the same as Sima Qian's personality, articles, and career. The tomb of Sima Qian is located behind the Taishi Temple and has been repaired five times in the Western Jin Dynasty, Song Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. The tomb is made of bricks, in the shape of a circle, 2.15 meters high and 13.19 meters in circumference. There are 16 brick-carved gossip patterns and flower patterns inlaid around the tomb wall. There is one ancient cypress on the top of the tomb, and the tree has five branches, which is called "Wu Zi Deng Ke Bo". A stone tablet was erected in front of the tomb, inscribed with "Sima Cemetery of Taishi of the Han Dynasty", inscribed for Bi Yuan, governor of Shaanxi Province in the Qing Dynasty. Why is Sima Qian's tomb in the shape of a yurt? It's actually very simple. The existing Sima Qian's tomb was built by the Yuan Shizu Kublai Khan, which reflects the ancient tradition of "death is like life". Therefore, more than 1,000 years after Sima Qian's death, it was Live in a yurt. Ancient roads, ancient temples, ancient tombs, and Simaqian Scenic Area are a piece of history that has been passed down for more than 2,000 years, and it is also the resting place of China's greatest historian. "In the Sima Temple, there are forests in the forest, and the dragon gate hangs the holy spirit of history." More than 2,000 years ago, Sima Qian lived in stubbornness. 3000 years of history. In the fourth year of Yongjia in the Western Jin Dynasty (310 A.D.), the prefect Yin Ji "looked at the relics and made great merits, so he built a stone room, a monument and a tree wall". Since then, the incense of Sima Qian's tomb has been extended for more than 1,700 years. When you come to Hancheng, you must pay tribute to Sima Qian's tomb.

(Responsible editor:Outdoor cuisine)

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