Comparing with Shenzhen, "Venture Capital" Hefei's history of science and technology city building

time:2023-02-09 06:42:11 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Mountaineering
Comparing with Shenzhen, "Venture Capital" Hefei's history of science and technology city building

Some people say that it is "China's largest county". Some people say that it is "the second fat next door". Some people say that it is the "Badu". Some people say that it is "Casino". It says that's all it is. However, its favorite title is "New First-tier Cities". Because, this is what it has achieved with 15 years of hard work (2005-2020) and 15 years of obscurity. In 2020, although its "new first-line" title was removed in 2021, it's actually nothing. Because, its main titles have always been these three: the capital of Anhui Province, the sub-central city of the Yangtze River Delta, and the comprehensive national science center. It is Hefei! Whether it is a "new front line" or not, there is no doubt that Hefei has already torn off the label of "China's super-large county" and "killed" a road to build a city with science and technology and develop a city with science and technology. 01Why Hefei? South of the Huaihe River, north of the Yangtze River, Hefei, Anhui. The Yangtze River and the Huaihe River divide Anhui into three sections, and Hefei is located between the central part of Anhui Province and the Jianghuai River. "Shui Jing Zhu" pointed out that the Feishui River (now Dongfei River) and Shishui (now Nanfei River), which originated from both sides of the Jianghuai watershed, parted ways, one entering the Huai River in the north, and the other going down the Yangtze River in the south. This confluence, so named Hefei. People say it's name "Tu", it is best to replace it with the former "Luzhou". But in fact, Luzhou was named "Hefei" more than 700 years ago. In the twenty-sixth year of Qin Shihuang, Hefei, as a county of Jiujiang Prefecture, appeared on the map, and was officially recorded in the annals of history in the Han Dynasty; and the word "Luzhou" dates back to the first year of Kaihuang in the Sui Dynasty (AD 581), and at this time Hefei is the seat of the state government of Luzhou. Therefore, the word "Hefei" seems to be quite joyful, but it has been closely connected with this land for thousands of years. Geographically, Hefei is neither south nor north, nor south nor north. Therefore, in the long history, Hefei was the "Wu Chu Yao Chong" and "The Throat of the Central Plains". As a result, until liberation in 1949, this county town with two streets and 50,000 people was pushed to the position of "Big Brother Anhui" because of the sentence "Hefei is good, it is in Anhui". "Three lights on a road, a loudspeaker for the whole city to hear, a small river runs through the city, and a small building only has two floors" - From the day when "General History of Hefei" took the position of "provincial capital", Hefei became a pressure Huge "fat man." In terms of the voice of the people, it is not as good as Wuhu, which is more developed in commerce; in terms of history and culture, it is not as good as Anqing and ancient Huizhou, which are famous in Anhui Province; in terms of shipping traffic, it is not as good as Anqing, Wuhu and Huai River along the Yangtze River. Bengbu; not to mention Nanjing, a neighbor dubbed "Huijing", has been mentioned all the time... In various disputes, Hefei, who was in the upper position by chance, can only take on the important task of "provincial capital" and move forward bravely. 02 "Anhui Provincial Capital" Hefei! Hefei has had a Yangtze River dream since ancient times. The untouchable golden waterway makes it a corner in the water transport era. On the other hand, Anqing, which is known as "the throat of the Yangtze River, Wu and Chu is the first state in Xinjiang", plays an important role in both military and economics by virtue of the waterway; and its other "strong enemy" Wuhu also relies on the waterway to become modern Anhui. It is the only trading port and ranks among the four rice markets in China. In the era of railways, from the late Qing Dynasty to the period of the Republic of China, all the important railway lines almost perfectly bypassed this "in the middle of Anhui", but the small town of "no question of north and south", Bengbu, has become a veritable name because of a Jinpu railway. water and land transportation hub. Even so, the trend of history has favored Hefei, making it the capital of Anhui Province, but unfortunately it is not a good day. In order to change the predicament, Hefei's first step is to develop industry. Starting from the Anhui Huaiwei Model Factory and Anhui No. 1 Cotton Spinning Factory; to the introduction of more than 50 factories and enterprises in Shanghai by the country's call for the relocation of coastal enterprises and the implementation of the "First Five-Year Plan"; and then to the Radio No. 1 Factory , Broadcasting Equipment Factory, Bicycle Factory, Mould Factory, Instrument Factory, Bearing Factory, Precision Casting Factory, Transformer Factory, etc....... The earliest industrial development foundation of Hefei was thus laid. At the same time, the prototype of a provincial capital city gradually emerged. Factories have sprung up in Hefei like bamboo shoots after a rain, and the small urban area of ​​Hefei has begun to spread out. Taking the old city as the center, it stretches to the east, north, and southwest, and then wedges the countryside into the urban area. The roads are in the shape of a zigzag, a ring, and a radial shape, forming a "fan-shaped" urban layout. At the same time, various public facilities in the city have also been improved. In addition, a number of representative urban buildings have also been built, such as the Jianghuai Grand Theater, the main building of the Anhui Provincial Library, the Anhui Provincial Museum, the Guangming Cinema, and the Sino-Soviet Friendship Museum. The Sino-Soviet Friendship Museum has changed from a small county town to a "super-large county town", and Hefei is waiting for an opportunity... 03 "The Best Venture Capital" Hefei! Hefei, dubbed "China's most famous VC city", likes to be all in, and it almost goes back and forth, but often loses and wins big. Hefei's key investment projects in recent years have often cost 10 billion or even 100 billion. Speaking of the earliest and most far-reaching investment in Hefei, it is the University of Science and Technology of China. In 1970, in the context of the "Cultural Revolution" and Sino-Soviet tensions, the University of Science and Technology of China in Beijing was forced to relocate. It was a time of famine. After inquiring about several places, the door was closed, and it was difficult for itself. Hefei, which is heavy but eager for talents, has opened its doors to it. "For half a century, Hefei City and even Anhui Province have been saving money, giving land, and giving policies, and are willing to devote all their resources to supporting the development of USTC." Ling Yun, the former mayor of Hefei, once used the "love of the city" to describe Hefei's love for USTC. "Full of love". It is also this attitude of doing everything possible that makes Hefei have the capital to make its own wings. In 1978, the University of Science and Technology of China was restored as a national key university, and the first juvenile class was created. In October of the same year, the Chinese Academy of Sciences established the Hefei branch, which made Hefei another important scientific research base after Beijing and Shanghai. In 1982, Hefei was identified as one of the four national science and education bases. Since then, it has included China's first national laboratory, the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory of the University of Science and Technology of China, China's first nuclear fusion research device, the large-scale superconducting tokamak device "Hefei Super Ring" and other national laboratories, national large scientific installations , successively landed in Hefei. Hefei has become a well-known "city of science and technology", and the gears of reversing fate have begun to turn. In 2008, when the global economic crisis broke out, Hefei still made up its mind to leave behind the booming BOE with the largest capital scale in Anhui’s history at that time, with a total investment of 17.5 billion. the subway. In 2010, after the mass production of BOE's sixth-generation line, it broke the blockade of Japanese and Korean companies and ended the history of my country's large-size LCD panels relying on imports. Hefei BOE and after taking BOE to win the "display" battle, in 2016, Hefei invested heavily into the chip industry, leading the establishment of the only two DRAM memory chip manufacturer in China at that time - Changxin, from the world's three largest memory chip manufacturers. The DRAM factory dug people frantically and developed domestic memory. Later, it broke the long-term monopoly of foreign manufacturers such as Kingston and Samsung in China's memory industry and changed the situation of China's lack of "core". In 2020, NIO's China headquarters and R&D center will be located in Hefei. In the competition for the "National New Energy Capital", Hefei's early performance was not the most dazzling, but it ran at the forefront. Hefei has already transformed into a rising star, and its development model known as the "Hefei Model" has also become the object of many urban studies. Hefei has changed its destiny with technology. From five soil roads to five subway lines; from the bottom of the provincial capital to the 21st place in the country's GDP; from less than 50,000 people when the government was opened to 8 million permanent residents today; from Xinjingfang, which is ridiculed by the whole country, to Weilai; The desperate "Hefei model" continues...

(Responsible editor:Coastline)

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