Why, as one of the four famous pottery in China, Nixing pottery is so well-known?

time:2022-09-25 01:02:24 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Domestic tour
Why, as one of the four famous pottery in China, Nixing pottery is so well-known?

The Nixing pottery in Qinzhou, Guangxi has been known for a long time. However, like this time, I have had such close contact and in-depth understanding of it. The operation of the workshop mode of Li Jiazao's products has made it less well-known in the word boudoir, and even fell into a downturn. It makes people forget its glory: in 1915, Nixing Pottery produced by Qinzhou won the gold medal at the Panama International Exposition held in San Francisco, USA. start. However, the development after that was quite tortuous, with the baptism of wars, historical faults, and sluggish market conditions in the middle. Until 2011, Ni Xingtao's appearance at the Shanghai World Expo allowed her to be re-recognized by the world. The Li family made Nixing pottery, also known as Yue pottery. It is one of the four famous pottery in China, along with Yixing purple sand pottery in Jiangsu, Jianshui purple pottery in Yunnan, and Rongchang pottery in Chongqing as the "four famous pottery in China". It is also a national intangible cultural heritage. Yin-yang kiln change is the most attractive place of Nixing pottery. The local mud in Qinzhou contains iron, and it is fired at a high temperature of 1180°C to produce a natural kiln change effect from deep to shallow, with looming dark lines and textures. The uncontrollable factor of kiln change makes Nixing pottery works can be called natural creations. The pottery without glaze color can also be colorful when it comes out of the kiln. For daily use, the Nixing pottery containers in Qinzhou have the characteristics of holding tea and food, which is not easy to deteriorate, delays mildew, and delays turning rancid. Therefore, in daily life, local people like to use these containers for tea, food, and flower arrangements. Why is this? The main reason is that Nixing pottery itself has the characteristics of natural double pore structure that is breathable and impermeable. In addition, when making tea, the selenium and other minerals contained in the clay of Nixing pottery are easily melted into the tea water, which can not only enhance the mellowness of the tea fragrance, but also stimulate the tea fragrance. Therefore, Nixing pottery is especially suitable for brewing post-fermented teas such as Yunnan cooked Pu tea, Liubao tea and Anhua dark tea. The Nixing pottery produced by Qinzhou kilns is mainly made of brown-red mud with high iron content. Due to the deep influence of Yixing purple sand in the early days, the products produced are very similar to Yixing purple sand, but they are distinguished by their delicate hand feeling. If it is said that the Nixing pottery in Qinzhou mainly imitated purple sand in the early stage, then in the later learning process, the craftsmen of Nixing pottery made their own style through constant exploration, and they were very familiar with the pottery. The aesthetics of the type have a different cognition. In the period of the Republic of China, it reached the peak of arts and crafts. Taking teapots as an example, the craftsmen of Nixing pottery paid more attention to the smoothness of the pot shape and the carving process when making pots. As one of the most distinctive Nixing pottery in Qinzhou, "Lijiazao" has a 130-year foundation on Yuliao Street (now Yimalu), creating a precedent for the combination of white clay and red clay, and also brings Nixing head to the World. It has been passed down to the fourth generation of the inheritor, Mr. Li Wuyi. If it is said that the products produced by Lijiazao are the daily life of Nixing pottery craftsmen, then the feelings in the bones make Mr. Li Wuyi , have enough patience and perseverance, in a materialistic society, in a world, adhere to this inheritance, not to be disturbed by the outside world. Mr. Li Wuyi is a craftsman in his daily life. Mr. Li Wuyi has his own unique views on Nixing pottery. In his opinion: Nixing pottery is the business card of Qinzhou. The embodiment of strength, the smoothness of lines, and the carving are the icing on the cake of Nixing pottery. The old generation of craftsmen created rich Nixing pottery with Qinzhou cultural characteristics with their superb craftsmanship. It is a pity that these Nixing pottery has not been well carried forward and inherited in modern times. The ancient method of firing is affected by market economic factors. Most of the pottery sold mainly imitates the shape of purple sand, but it ignores the integration of the local cultural characteristics of Qinzhou. It is named as one of the "Four Famous Potteries in China", but its popularity and market in the country are not very wide at present. Mr. Li Wuyi also believes that "holding, swinging, reeling, picking, kiln and light" is the essence of the inheritance of the ancient techniques of Nixing pottery. In order to prevent the loss of these ancient methods, and to better inherit them, under the premise of conforming to the mainstream of the times and advancing with the times, Mr. Li Wuyi summed up the six arts of the ancient methods of his predecessors, and combined his own experience to create his own creations. pull-out style. When making pottery, the traditional principle of three-point drawing and seven-point repair is changed, and the technique is refined to the height of "nine points of drawing and one point of repair". That is, the lines of the shape are expressed in place when the blank is drawn, and less time is spent on repairing the blank. This requires high personal skills and aesthetics. As a Nixing potter, Li Wuyi firmly believes that the old Nixing pottery type is the cultural foundation of Nixing pottery. After years of research and efforts, we have created the "Nine-Style Pots" that inherit the shape of the utensils, that is, 9 representative traditional utensils, namely: Changzhao, Pumpkin, Yongquan, Yangtong, Zuifang, Jinglan, and Changzhao. Bamboo, ancient bell, Xiufeng. Among the products produced by Li Jiazao, the pot "Jinglan" made its debut at the auction of Hangzhou Xiling Yinshe in the spring of 2019, which surprised everyone. A well-railed pot, incarnate as a drunkard. Exquisite craftsmanship, rich details. The Chinese cultural genes are engraved in this small pot. It also fully interprets the elegance of the ancients. Jinglan · Lijiazao This is a piece of work created by Mr. Li Wuyi when he was making pottery, on the basis of the ancient method, and integrated his own ideas and understanding. Combining old techniques with modern craftsmanship and learning from each other's strengths, the lost shape of Nixing pottery can be restored, filling the blank of traditional pottery making, and at the same time establishing the confidence of Nixing pottery craftsmen and spreading the local culture of Nixing pottery . From Anzhou to Qinzhou, from Ming and Qing Dynasties to modern times. Mud refining, embryo pulling, molding, carving, mud filling, decals, pile carving... The change from dragon kiln (tile kiln) to electric kiln firing, the calcined pottery, spans time and space, and moves towards the future.

(Responsible editor:Short trip)

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