Unexpectedly, the civil palace built with 600,000 taels of silver and 100 taels of gold hides so many scheming

time:2022-09-24 22:34:54 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Cross-country
Unexpectedly, the civil palace built with 600,000 taels of silver and 100 taels of gold hides so many scheming

How about being rich? Not in the last generation. The order of "scholars, farmers, industry and commerce" and the concept of "emphasizing agriculture and suppressing business" are like a curse on the head and heart of every successful Huizhou merchant. Even if they are also rich in poetry and books, it is difficult to get rid of their humble social status. For example, in the folk tale "Du Shiniang sinks the treasure chest in anger" written by Feng Menglong, a popular novelist in the Ming Dynasty, after being abandoned by Li Jia, the famous prostitute Du Shiniang would rather sink the treasure chest and then throw it into the river than be a salt merchant Sun Fu. concubine. This kind of behavior is a good example of the very low social status of businessmen at that time. As a result, many Hui merchants who made their fortunes used their money to build mansions or buy officials, in an attempt to leave the business and join the officialdom as self-compensation. Huizhou merchants, which originated in Huizhou, were one of the top ten merchant gangs in ancient my country. The fields involved covered rice, salt, wood, tea, silk, paper, etc. Among them, the salt merchants were the richest. "I didn't cultivate in my previous life, I was born in Huizhou, I was thirteen or fourteen years old, and I lost it." Although this folk proverb expresses the helplessness and sadness of Hui merchants. But it is undeniable that Huizhou merchants are successful and even have a huge impact on society. The Huizhou merchant culture and the accumulated material wealth formed in the Ming and Qing dynasties reflected the prosperity of Huizhou Confucian culture in the Ming and Qing dynasties to a certain extent, and became an important symbol of our country's history. At that time, the environment in Huizhou was not suitable for farming, many of which were rocky mountains, the land was barren, surrounded by mountains, and the transportation was inconvenient. However, the wood and mountain goods resources in this area are relatively abundant, and facing the pressure of land shortage and population growth, it is decided that Huizhou people go out of the mountains and regard business as a means of making a living. When he was young, he went out with his parents to seek a living, and after he made a fortune, he brought his wealth back to his hometown. Great construction, building mansions, ancestral halls, academies, and archways. It has the meaning of returning leaves to their roots and returning to their hometown. Over time, a unique Hui culture has been formed. Among them, Huizhou architecture is the most typical, and wood carving, brick carving and stone carving are the essence of Huizhou architecture. Today, let's take a look at a very famous private house in Hongcun, Huangshan, Anhui, Chengzhitang. This is the largest existing ancient dwelling in Hongcun, and it is also one of the must-see attractions in Hongcun. Chengzhi Hall in Hongcun was built in the first year of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty and was the private residence of Huizhou merchant Wang Dinggui in the late Qing Dynasty. It covers an area of ​​2,100 square meters and has a construction area of ​​more than 3,000 square meters. It has a brick-wood structure. There are 136 wooden pillars in the whole house. There are 7 attics, 9 patios and 60 rooms. From the gate to the hall, from the front yard to the back yard, and even the servant's room, the workmanship is meticulously crafted, the layers are complex, and the meaning is far-reaching. The wood carvings we saw after we went in, such as "Across the River during Qingming Festival", "Fishing and Qiao Pagoda Reading", "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", "Hundred Sons Making a Lantern Festival", "Guo Ziyi's Birthday Celebration", "Tang Suzong Banquet" and so on. The process was completed by 20 artisans over a period of four years. The coloring of wood carvings is even more extravagant. The gold as far as the eye can see is ground into powder and sprinkled on it. The powder alone costs more than 100 taels of gold. The human, financial and material resources expended can be seen from the greatness of the handwriting, and the whole house, in addition to being arrogant, is also very valuable for artistic appreciation, and it is known as the "folk Forbidden City". In this old house, the most impressive thing is the door with the word "Shang" in the main hall of their house. The house was built by Wang Dinggui after he developed. Before the construction, Wang Dinggui had already donated an official title of "five-grade Tongzhi" for himself. Therefore, when he built Chengzhi Hall, he also built a ceremonial gate that symbolized the majesty of the official family. There are three doors in the main hall of Wang's house. The door in the middle is called "Yimen", which is derived from "Yi Kexiang". The threshold of the ceremony door is very high. This door will only be opened when guests who are taller than the owner of the house come, and this door is usually closed. This is not surprising, because it was a common practice for many merchants to repair their mansions at that time. For example, if you go to Xidi, you will find that the ancient villages there are repaired in the same way. There are two small doors on both sides of the door of ceremony. These two small doors are very similar to the door with the word "shang". The ingots are placed upside down, and the meaning of rolling wealth is the point of the word for business. Two ruyi sticks are one horizontal, two ruyi flowers are two strokes, and a door frame forms the frame of a business character. However, the quotient character is incomplete. The missing word for "mouth" can only be regarded as a complete character for quotient unless someone walks over or stands in the middle of the door and forms a word quotient. Visitors, as long as they have a lower status than the master, must pass through this door to elevate the master's status. This kind of door is actually not uncommon in private houses in Huizhou. What makes people sigh is the mind behind the owner's construction of this door. In addition to the idea of ​​gathering money, the word "business" also secretly expresses a successful businessman's mockery of "everything is inferior, only reading is high". Behind the splendor, on the one hand, there is the grievance against the light businessmen in the society at that time; Wang Dinggui, smart and knowledgeable since childhood, was highly appreciated by his husband when he was a private school student at Hongcun Nanhu Academy. If he was born in a family of officials, with his ingenuity, it would not be difficult for him to show his grand plans in the officialdom. However, due to the limitations of his family background, even if his grades are among the best, it is not enough to go out to discuss the fate of life when he is young. After Wang Dinggui was 16 years old, he began to go out to Jiujiang to start as an apprentice, and he was dismissed several times in the middle. In the face of adversity, he insisted on learning without interruption. When he moved to Wuhu, in Jushun Salt, he was appreciated by the boss for his neat bookkeeping, clear classification and prudent and steady character. In addition, he had a wide range of friendships and a very active management method. Within a few years, a large amount of capital was accumulated. Since then, life has been hanging all the way and become a wealthy businessman in Jiujiang. After he made his fortune, Wang Dinggui opened salt stores in Hankou, Jiujiang, Shanghai-Hangzhou and Huizhou successively, and hired shopping malls for more than 70 years. At the end of Guangxu's reign, Wang Dinggui, with both ability and political integrity, strong financial resources, and a strong influence in the local area, was exceptionally awarded by the court as a court doctor, that is, a fourth-rank civil official. It is also a glorious ancestor. It's just that people can't help but sigh, if it wasn't for his untimely birth, would his talent and ability have done more? And many hidden thoughts, is it also a kind of uncompromising struggle against fate?

(Responsible editor:Coastline)

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