The forgotten thousand-year-old ancient town used to be the north gate of Shanghai.

time:2022-09-25 00:53:01 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Coastline
The forgotten thousand-year-old ancient town used to be the north gate of Shanghai.

"Seeing him raise Zhulou, seeing him banqueting guests, seeing his building collapse..." This sentence comes from Kong Shangren's "Peach Blossom Fan" in the Qing Dynasty. Most ancient towns in China. Recalling the past, when the merchants gathered together, they were scattered, but now, except for a few ancient towns with serious commercialization, the rest are as deserted as they are. This is the case in Yudong Ancient Town in Nantong, Jiangsu. Yu Dong started in the Tang Dynasty, flourished in the Northern Song Dynasty, flourished in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and has a history of more than 1,300 years. In its heyday, it used to be the textile center of native cloth in Nantong area and the birthplace of blue printed cloth. The hibiscus shirts and hibiscus scarves it produced became tribute to the court. At that time, people called it "Little Shanghai" because of its geographical location (it is located in the Yangtze River Delta Plain, only separated from Shanghai by a river) and because of its developed commerce. Thousands of years of vicissitudes have changed, when the people dispersed, the ancient town left a helpless sigh and the imprint of the dilapidated years. 01Yudong History Yudong Ancient Town, known as Yuqing in ancient times, also known as "Fengcheng", it is said that when the city was built, different birds flew down here, so the literati called it "Fengcheng". Yudong is located at the junction of the Yangtze River and the Yellow Sea. More than 2,000 years ago, under the impact of the river and the sea, Dongbuzhou (that is, Yudong area) and Nanbuzhou (about the east of Jinsha Town, Tongzhou City today to Zhongyi Township, Tongzhou City) were uplifted here. area) represented by several sand dunes. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Dongbuzhou and Nanbuzhou began to have a clear boundary, and a long and narrow water ridge was formed between them, which was called "ox horn tip" because of its shape. Then, with the passage of time, the area of ​​East Buenos Aires became wider and wider. During the Tang Dynasty, the government took a fancy to the overgrown weeds here, making it a place of exile for criminals. Yuchi Baoqing, the son of Yuchi Gong, took refuge in this place because he was implicated by Xue Gang against Tang Zhi, and he reclaimed and built a village, taking his name as Yu Qing. Since then, in addition to the exile of a large number of prisoners by the government, the geographical conditions of the riverside and the sea have gradually attracted immigrants to settle here, and coastal villages that make a living by boiling salt have gradually formed here. During the Song Dynasty, the salt industry was prosperous here, and merchants from Suzhou, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jin and other places came here to open their stores one after another. In the Yuan Dynasty, due to the ebb and flow of rivers and seas, large areas of land were exposed one after another. Because Yuqing was located in the east of Yuzhongsha, it was renamed Yudong, which is still in use today. 02Yudong Salt "Salt" is the key to the development of Yudong. In the early days, Yudong had a huge beach, which provided unique favorable conditions for "boiling seawater into salt". During the Kaiyuan period of the prosperous Tang Dynasty, Yu Dongzhuan's salt industry developed rapidly, so the imperial court sent people to set up a special salt tax agency here, creating a precedent for salt officials in the southern part of ancient Tongzhou. During the Dali period, Li Chengshi, the envoy of the deputation, inspected the place, and built a dyke here and set up a stove to cook salt. Therefore, Yu Dong has the nickname "Li Zao". In the Qing Dynasty, during the heyday of the Lianghuai salt industry, the vigorous development of the boiled salt industry made Yudong gradually become a famous salt-producing area. At that time, there were 23 salt fields in the two Huaihe Rivers, and Yudong Field was one of them. The salt produced in Yudong Salt Field is known as "Wu salt", also known as "Zhenliang salt". An important salt industry town in Huainan in the Qing Dynasty. The existing ancient salt river and two salt wharves in Yudong Ancient Town, as well as the ruins of Yancang, Yandian, Yanzhan, etc., still show their former glory. The continuous development of the salt industry has not only promoted the prosperity of industry and commerce, but also created Yudong, a pocket-sized ancient city. 03 Yudongcheng Yudongcheng, beautiful scenery, it has four cities and four quarters; ten temples in the city and outside the city, five mountains, five lanes and three ports; four rivers, seven bridges, four ponds, and Qingdun Shuangjing Village; pavilions, pavilions and halls. Courtyard, Fengcheng Blessed Land is well-known. An old folk song can roughly describe the whole picture of Yu Dongcheng in its heyday. Today, after hundreds of years of vicissitudes, the basic pattern of Yudong Ancient City's "central axis symmetry, the city and the river embrace each other" still exists, and the original four city gates, ten temples, five mountains, and five arches have all dissipated in the dust of history. Today's Yudong Ancient Town District, with an area of ​​about 0.89 square kilometers, is the location of Yudong City in the Ming Dynasty. It is the only best-preserved street in Nantong area. It is 876 meters long and is paved with 2,146 stone slabs. The bottom of the stone slabs is a sewer. Walking on the old street of Yudong, the moss of the years climbed up the wall, and every brick and stone sighed silently. Most of the old shops and houses on both sides of the streets are still there. Guo Limao Yinlou, built in the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty, is a typical Huizhou architecture, which has witnessed the former glory of Yudong Town. The sister wells with the old street as the central axis, even after hundreds of years, still have abundant water, the water quality is sweet and mellow, and the drought is not dry and the rainstorm is not flooded. It is said that it was dug after two sisters married Yudong Town in the Ming Dynasty. Because of the exact same size and style, it is called "Sister Well". Yu Dong is not big, but it is quiet and leisurely and has a unique charm. The tune "Tongdong Li Shi" hummed on the street is unforgettable, and the ancestral secret Jiang Haicheng rubbing cakes are sweet and salty...  

(Responsible editor:3 days)

Related content