The longest wooden arch bridge in China, built in the Song Dynasty with a history of more than 900 years, is now destroyed by fire

time:2022-09-25 00:52:54 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Cross-country
The longest wooden arch bridge in China, built in the Song Dynasty with a history of more than 900 years, is now destroyed by fire

In Fujian, the longest wooden arch bridge in China was built in the Song Dynasty. Unfortunately, it was hit by a fire in August this year, and the bridge was severely damaged. This fire, which happened for no apparent reason, has left this ancient bridge with a history of more than 900 years, which is really a pity. After all, it is the sixth batch of national key cultural relics protection units and a precious cultural treasure. . What does the wooden arch bridge look like? Maybe many people don't know or have seen it. The Rainbow Bridge across the Bian River in the Northern Song Dynasty's "Along the River During Qingming Festival" is a wooden arch bridge. The covered bridge with wooden arch structure was popular in the Northern Song Dynasty. It is a bridge built on a river, with a corridor built on the bridge, and the bridge is protected by the corridor. This wooden arch bridge in Fujian is the longest covered bridge in China and can be called the first covered bridge in China. This covered bridge is located in Changqiao Village, Pingnan County, Fujian Province. It was originally called Longjiang Gongji Bridge, and was later renamed Wan'an Bridge. According to "Yutian Zhilue", the bridge was built in the Song Dynasty and has a history of more than 900 years. However, this bridge is no longer the bridge with the style of the Song Dynasty. It has been built many times in history. It was burned in the Kangxi period. , was rebuilt by Qianlong in 1742, and has been repaired since then, most recently in the 1950s. The bridge is 98.2 meters long and 4.7 meters wide, with five piers and six holes. There are 5 piers standing there, a total of 37 corridor houses, 152 fir columns and more than 200 arches. This kind of structure does not need nails or riveting. It supports the bridge deck entirely by itself. The corridor house on the bridge can not only protect the wooden structure of the bridge body from erosion, but also allow passersby to rest and shelter from the rain. The craftsmanship is ingenious. It is worthy of being the most ancient wooden arch bridge in China. There is a stone tablet embedded in the pier in the middle of the bridge, which records the construction time of Wan'an Bridge and the person who built it. Inheriting this good cause, and begging for the safety of the family, men and women, and themselves. In the fifth year of Yuanyou, Gengwu September, I would like to ask this question. The fifth year of Yuanyou is the year 1090 AD, and dozens of words indicate that the funder is called Jiang Zhen, and the purpose of his investment in the construction of the bridge is to repay the wishes of his parents and parents, the whole family, men and women, and himself to be safe. To build this covered bridge, he paid 13 kuai and 34 shi of grain. The consistent money in the Song Dynasty is equivalent to more than 400 yuan today, and the sum of 13 gantry is five or six thousand yuan. In the Song Dynasty, one stone of rice is 59.2 kg, and 34 stones is 4,025 catties of rice. It seems that Jiang Zhen's family is still very wealthy. Experts believe that covered bridges are the only ones in China in the history of bridges in the world. Wooden arched covered bridges used to be popular in the Song Dynasty. After the fall of the Song Dynasty, wooden arched covered bridges disappeared. Hundreds of years later, they were rediscovered in the mountainous areas of Fujian and Zhejiang, mainly in Shouning, Pingnan, and Taishun, Zhejiang. , Qingyuan, Jingning and other places, the existing wooden arch bridges have been rebuilt or rebuilt many times in the past dynasties, and they have been preserved to this day. Pingnan is a county with many existing covered bridges in China. There are more than 100 wooden arch covered bridges preserved in the country, most of which are in Fujian. There are fifteen existing wooden arch covered bridges in Pingnan, Wan'an Bridge and Qiancheng Bridge. , Baixiang Bridge is a national key cultural relics protection unit. Wan'an Bridge is the longest existing wooden arch bridge in the country. Now it has been burned down by a fire. I don't know when it will be rebuilt. Are you looking forward to it?

(Responsible editor:Domestic tour)

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