The ancient town where the Red Army crossed Chishui twice, still retains the appearance of a hundred years ago

time:2022-12-10 00:14:12 source:kilakilavilla.com author:3 days
The ancient town where the Red Army crossed Chishui twice, still retains the appearance of a hundred years ago

In 1935, the Red Army crossed the Chishui River four times at the junction of Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan provinces. During this period, it continued to create fighters and firmly grasped the initiative on the battlefield. A classic battle in the history of the Long March. Among them, the second and fourth crossings of Chishui in the "Four Crossing of Chishui" campaign were all related to a ferry, that is, Taiping Ferry in Gulin County, Luzhou, Sichuan. Taiping Ferry is located in Taiping Ancient Town, Gulin County. More than 80 years later, Taiping Ancient Town on Chishui River still retains its original appearance and has become one of the representatives of ancient towns in southern Sichuan. On February 18, 19 and March 21, 22, 1935, the Central Red Army crossed the Chishui River twice here. To commemorate this, the Taiping Ferry Monument was established in 1977. There is an eagle rock by the river. The Red Army's pontoon bridge was tied to this stone, and the famous Taiping battle took place here. Now Taiping Ferry has also been included in the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units "Red Army Sidu Chishui Campaign Site". Not far from Taiping Ferry is the Taiping Ancient Town with southern Sichuan characteristics. Like many ancient towns in Sichuan and Guizhou, there are still many aborigines here, and it is a living ancient town. The predecessor of Taiping Town was called Luohongkou. It is located on the banks of the Chishui River. It is a strip of water from Xingmin Town in Xishui County, Guizhou Province. It is the junction of the two provinces. In the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Futong, a businessman from Taipingbao, Longnan County, Jiangxi, settled here. He felt that the homonym of the word "Luohong" was "Luohun", which was not very auspicious, so he renamed Luohongkou to Lupingchang to commemorate the ancestor Zhu Xi in Bailu. Lectures and preaching at Dong Academy. Later, the descendants of Zhu's family changed their name to "Taipingdu", in memory of their hometown "Taipingbao", and this name has been used to this day. Taiping Ancient Town is built on the mountain. Most of the existing buildings are houses in the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China. These vicissitudes of stone steps have experienced hundreds of years of wind and rain. The steps you walked on were also walked by the Central Red Army more than 80 years ago. Due to historical reasons, Taiping Ancient Town has left a large number of red relics. It is not only an ancient town in southern Sichuan with mountains and rivers, but also a red ancient town full of history. Red is the main color of Taiping Ancient Town. Walking on the winding streets of the ancient town, you can meet the places where the Red Army was stationed in the past. This building was the former site of the Central Red Army Headquarters at that time. Zhu De (then Chairman of the Military Commission and Commander-in-Chief of the Red Army), Zhou Enlai, Liu Bocheng, Ye Jianying, Chen Yun and others lived here. This is the former site of the Red Army's temporary hospital. In Taiping Ancient Town, there are 87 Red Army sites such as the former site of the Red Army's 1st, 3rd and 5th Corps headquarters, and the Soviet temporary bank. There are two small memorial halls in the ancient town, one is called "Mao Zedong Sidu Chishui Memorial Hall", and the other is called "Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army Sidu Chishui Taipingdu Exhibition Hall". In 1935, in order to support the Red Army's crossing of Chishui, the local people removed the door panels and built a pontoon bridge. I came across this 90-year-old grandma in the ancient town, and heard that her brother helped the Red Army to dismantle door panels and build a pontoon bridge back then. The grandmother sits beside the ancient street every day, watching the "Red Army" coming and going, wondering if it can evoke memories of her childhood. The Gulin River and Chishui River meet here. Taiping Ancient Town, as the eastern gate of Gulin County from Sichuan to Guizhou, has become a mutual market between the two provinces, merchants gather, and supplies are distributed. The ancient town is prosperous because of water. I found a photo of the ancient town of Taiping nearly a hundred years ago on the Internet. The mountain shape and the ancient town built on the mountain have not changed, but the boats on the river have long disappeared. The historical highlight of Taiping Ancient Town was in 1935, when the Red Army "crossed Chishui" in the border areas of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. The "Four Crossing of Chishui" campaign lasted 72 days, of which 54 days were spent in Gulin, while Taiping Ancient Town It is an important ferry for the Red Army's Long March II and four crossings of Chishui and the place where the three battles took place. Later, Taiping Ancient Town also became a film and television shooting base with the theme of the Red Army's Long March. Films and movies were filmed here.

(Responsible editor:Domestic tour)

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