The two largest townships in China, each the size of a European country, have you been there?

time:2023-02-09 08:24:01 source:kilakilavilla.com author:Riding
The two largest townships in China, each the size of a European country, have you been there?

China's land area is 9.6 million square kilometers, ranking third in the world, equivalent to the area of ​​the entire Europe. China has two largest townships, each of which is the size of a medium-sized European country. Let us find out what kind of townships are these two. 1. Lop Nur Town This is a world-famous name! Lop Nur Town is located in the north of Ruoqiang County, Xinjiang, at the easternmost edge of the Taklimakan Desert, with an area of ​​52,000 square kilometers, larger than Denmark, the Netherlands and Belgium in Europe. Lop Nur was once the second largest inland lake in China, with an area of ​​more than 10,000 square kilometers. Because it is shaped like a human ear, it is known as the "ear of the earth" and also known as the "sea of ​​death". In the Eastern Jin Dynasty (around 330 AD), the lake area of ​​Lop Nur was still very large. With the changes of history and climate, the area of ​​Lop Nur gradually shrank. According to the measured results in 1931, the water area of ​​Lop Nur was still 2375 square kilometers. The real dry up was in the 1970s. Since then, Lop Nur has really become a desert ravaged by wind and sand, and it has begun to be called "the forbidden area of ​​life". Lop Nur also had a glorious page in the history. During the Han Dynasty, this place was a land of abundant water and grass. Many rivers such as Tarim River, Cheerchen River, and Kongque River converged here, giving birth to a large-scale ancient Loulan kingdom with a large population and shady trees everywhere. The small bridge and flowing water are an oasis on the ancient Silk Road. The Loulan Kingdom was founded before 176 BC and died out in 630 AD. It has a history of more than 800 years and created a glorious Loulan civilization. Now the famous Loulan ruins are left. veil. The ancient city of Loulan has been eroded by wind and rain for thousands of years, and now there is only a pile of loess. Once upon a time, the prosperous and prosperous Loulan quietly withdrew from the stage of history, and the vast Lop Nur became a dry salt swamp. Lop Nur is a huge treasure trove of resources. In 1995, geological experts surveyed here and found that there is a huge potash mine underground, with reserves of more than 250 million tons, and the composition is close to the Dead Sea, so it is called "Underground Dead Sea", which has been developed into the world. The largest potassium sulfate production base. Due to the discovery of huge mineral deposits, the once desolate Lop Nur has revealed its vitality. Lop Nur Town was established in 2002 and currently has a resident population of 4,358 people. Although it is the largest town in China, there is only one row of houses in the town, with a length of only 200 meters. The only decent building is this three-story building, which is called Lop Nur Trade City. The building, catering, accommodation and entertainment are all in it. Due to the short time to build the town, various infrastructures are extremely imperfect, and prices are very expensive, especially water shortages. Drinking water must be pulled from the county town hundreds of kilometers away. The price of water is said to have reached the sky-high price of 15 yuan per ton. Water is as precious as oil. In addition to mineral resources, Lop Nur is also extremely rich in tourism resources. Although it is a forbidden area and protected area, it is not open to the outside world, but because of its mystery and original ecology, people are full of desire for this mysterious land, which has attracted more and more people in recent years. More and more outdoor enthusiasts are coming to explore. On the edge of Lop Nur, due to the increase in water supply and ecological restoration, there have been lakes with vertical and horizontal river networks, and forests have also begun to increase. In the future, Lop Nur will be a new growth point for the explosive tourism economy and a popular tourist destination. Bailongdui Yadan was selected as the second place in the "Three Most Beautiful Yadans in China" by "China National Geographic" "China Beauty Pageant". Xiaohe Cemetery, 175 kilometers away from the ancient city of Loulan, is a huge cemetery with a strange burial system. There are a large number of mummified corpses. It contains a wealth of information about the early Lop Nur civilization. Longcheng Yadan, one of the three major Yadan groups in Lop Nur, is called a dragon city from a distance, so it is called Dragon City. Few people have seen its true appearance, and it is known as "the most mysterious Yadan". The ancient city of Haitou in Lop Nur, located 48 kilometers southwest of the ancient city of Loulan, was the second largest city in Lop Nur after Loulan during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, and it is a national key cultural relic protection unit. The best time to go to Lop Nur is in mid-April and mid-October each year. During these two periods, there is little wind and sand. You should bring enough water, dry food and medicines for the journey, choose an off-road vehicle with good performance, and bring a satellite phone if you can. for emergency use. 2. Qimantage Township Qimantage Township is a township under the jurisdiction of Ruoqiang County, Xinjiang. Qimantage Township is located in the southeast of Ruoqiang County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, sandwiched between East Kunlun Mountains and Qimantage Mountains. In the middle, with an area of ​​65,600 square kilometers, it is the largest township in my country. It is located in the Qiangtang grassland, at the junction of Xinjiang, Qinghai, and Tibet. The area of ​​a township is so large that it can match the area of ​​two Belgiums. , and the area of ​​Ningxia is similar to that of Ningxia, and the area of ​​Hainan and Taiwan together is not as big as Qimantage Township. Qimantage Township is also the township with the smallest population. Five years ago, the registered population was only 18 people. When the resident population was the largest, it reached about 700 people. Now there are less than 100 people in the township, with an average of less than 2000 square kilometers. Personally, this density can be said to be truly "sparsely populated". The traffic in Qimantage Township is also extremely inconvenient. There is only one road from Qimantage Township to Ruoqiang County. The distance is nearly 560 kilometers. People living here go out to the county town, even if they drive back and forth. Take ten hours. Qimantage Township is extremely rich in natural resources and is a treasure land. There are large grasslands here, and the nomadic industry has developed since ancient times. It is an important animal husbandry base in Ruoqiang County. There are rich species of wild animals and plants here, and there are 12 kinds of national first-class protected animals. Here, you can see groups of rare wild animals such as Tibetan antelope, wild yak, and Tibetan wild ass. Although Qimantage Township is far and remote, it also has basic living facilities, such as hospitals, post offices, supermarkets, restaurants, etc., which provides convenience for the lives of local people. The township government's house is also very beautiful, unfortunately It's not powered on yet. Although the mobile signal is turned on, it is still in the 2G era. You can send text messages, but you can't watch videos, and your phone calls are intermittent. There are fewer and fewer people in Qimantag Township. There used to be more than 80 families, and after the establishment of the protected area, they have moved down the mountain one after another. The civil servants working here, in addition to the blue sky and white clouds, snow-capped mountains and ice peaks, see running wild animals every day, which is very fresh for tourists, but it is also very lonely and lonely. "Qimantage", the Uyghur transliteration is a mountain peak with "flowers and plants in full bloom". The name is full of poetic and picturesque. Although the average altitude here is above 4100, there is sufficient sunlight. The annual sunshine hours reach 2647.6 hours. In summer, mountain flowers are also in full bloom. The scenery has a desolate atmosphere of beauty. Altun Mountain Nature Reserve, with an area of ​​47,000 square kilometers and an average altitude of nearly 4,800 meters, is one of the rare blank areas on earth, with an area of ​​more than 150 square kilometers. A few, the Tibetan antelope, Tibetan wild ass and black-necked crane that we are familiar with live here, and it is one of the most beautiful wildlife paradises in the world. When you step on the plateau, you will be shocked by the endless vast grasslands, the inaccessible desolation, and the herds of wild animals. Near Qimantage Township, there are also Hoh Xil National Nature Reserve and Shuanghu Special Area in Tibet. Surrounded by mountains, there are more than 50 peaks above 6,000 meters above sea level, deserts, glaciers, snow peaks, grasslands and lakes. , there are modern glaciers with a total area of ​​880 square kilometers on the towering peaks. 123445 This is a magical land, a pure land far away from the hustle and bustle of the world. It has the beauty of the artistic conception of "the desert is solitary, the long river is setting the yen". When the epidemic ends, will you travel here? Welcome to pay attention to the monsoon in Muztagh, let us see the world together.

(Responsible editor:Snow and ice)

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